Wikipedia said :
Some references said Belimbing Wuluh or scientific name Averrhoa bilimbi L. has a sour taste and is cool. Ingggris people call it by the name of small sour Starfruit, cucumber tree and bilimbi.Bilimbi or small starfruit or can be grown in areas with an altitude of up to 500 meters above sea level. Plant of bilimbi is often found in areas that were exposed to direct sunlight but quite moist, if not exposed to direct sunlight or cucumber bilimbi then the tree just grows lush leaves but he will not or hard to bear. The leaves are lush from starfruit tree or bilimbi must often be cut so that the stem can produce a lot of fruit.
Propagation or cultivation of bilimbi or starfruit can be done with sow seeds, or grafting techniques can also be used.
Starfruit or Belimbing Wuluh treated by flushing water, soil moisture is maintained, fertilized with organic and grown in a lot of sunlight or open place .
Another name of bilimbi include: Balingbing, Calingcing, Calingcing Wulet (Sunda); Bhalingbing Bulu (Madura); Limeng (Aceh); Selemeng (Gayo); Blingbing Buloh (Bali); Limbi(Bima); Asom Belimbing, Balimbingan (Batak); Malimbi (Nias); Balimbing, Blimbing, Blimbing wuluh (Java); Calene (Bugis); Malibi (Halmahera); Belimbing asem (Melayu);Kamias (Filiphina); Bilimbi (English); Cucumber Tree (English).
Bilimbi or small sour starfruit is hard trunked plants that have reached the height of 11 m. Unbranched stem is hard and a lot. The fruit is light green, oval shaped thumb and sour taste. The fruit is often used to cook so often called star fruit or vegetable to clean stains into fabric such as brass and copper. The leaves are small, face to face. And star-shaped flowers are pink to purple.On the stem contains saponins, tannins, glucoside, calcium oxalate, sulfur, formic acid, sulfur and peroxide. While on the leaves contain tannins, sulfur, formic acid, peroxide, calcium oxalate, and potassium citrate.Pharmacological Effects bilimbi or starfruit, among others relieve pain, increase spending bile, anti-inflammatory, laxative urine, and softening the face.
The bilimbi tree reaches 5–10 m in height. Its trunk is short and quickly divides up into ramifications. Bilimbi leaves, 3–6 cm long, are alternate, imparipinnate and cluster at branch extremities. There are around 11 to 37 alternate or subopposite oblong leaflets. The leaves are quite similar to those of the Otaheite gooseberry.
Distribution and habitat
Possibly originated in Moluccas, Indonesia, the species are now cultivated and found throughout the Philippines, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar (Burma) and Malaysia. It is also common in other Southeast Asian countries. In India, where it is usually found in gardens, the bilimbi has gone wild in the warmest regions of the country.
Outside of Asia, the tree is cultivated in Zanzibar. In 1793, the bilimbi was introduced to Jamaica from Timor and after several years, was cultivated throughout Central and South America where it is known as mimbro. Introduced to Queensland at the end of the 19th century, it has been grown commercially in the region since that time.
This is essentially a tropical tree, less resistant to cold than the carambola, growing best in rich and well-drained soil (but also stands limestone and sand). It prefers evenly distributed rainfall throughout the year, but with a 2- to 3-month dry season. Therefore the species is not found, for example, in the wettest part of Malaysia. In Florida, where it is an occasional curiosity, the tree needs protection from wind and cold.
Nutritional value for 100 g of edible portion
- Moisture 94.2-94.7 g
- Protein 0.61 g
- Ash 0.31-0.40 g
- Fiber 0.6g
- Phosphorus 11.1 mg
- Calcium 3.4 mg
- Iron 1.01 mg
- Thiamine 0.010 mg
- Riboflavin 0.026 mg
- Carotene 0.035 mg
- Ascorbic Acid 15.5 mg
- Niacin 0.302 mg
In the Philippines, where it is commonly found in backyards, the fruits are eaten either raw or dipped on rock salt. It can be either curried or added as a souring agent for the common Filipino dish sinigang. The uncooked bilimbi is prepared as relish and served with rice and beans in Costa Rica. In the Far East, where the tree originated, it is sometimes added to curry. Bilimbi juice (with a pH of about 4.47) is made into a cooling beverage. In Indonesia, it is added to some dishes, substituting for tamarind or tomato.
In another part of Indonesia, Aceh, it is preserved by sun-drying, the sun-dried bilimbi is called asam sunti. Bilimbi and asam sunti are popular in Acehnese culinary. It can replace mango in making chutney. In Malaysia, it also is made into a rather sweet jam.
In Seychelles, it is often used as an ingredient to give a tangy flavor to many Seychellois creole dishes, especially fish dishes. It is often used in grilled fish and also (almost always) in a shark-meat dish, called satini reken.
In the Philippines, the leaves serve as a paste on itches, swelling, rheumatism, mumps or skin eruptions. Elsewhere, they are used for bites of poisonous creatures. A leaf infusion is used as an after-birth tonic, while the flower infusion is used for thrush, cold, and cough. Malaysians use fermented or fresh bilimbi leaves to treat venereal diseases. In French Guiana, syrup made from the fruit is used to treat inflammatory conditions. To date there is no scientific evidence to confirm effectiveness for such uses.
In some villages in the Thiruvananthapuram district of India, the fruit of the bilimbi was used in folk medicine to control obesity. This led to further studies on its antihyperlipidemic properties.
The fruit contains high levels of oxalate. Acute renal failure due to tubular necrosis caused by oxalate has been recorded in several people who drank the concentrated juice on continuous days as treatment for hypercholesterolemia. These people were prompted into consuming this concoction by local media which played up studies done in experimental animals.
Bilimbi or small sour starfruit or belimbing wuluh efficacious for treating some kinds of diseases, such as:
- 1. High blood pressure
- Take 3 pieces Bilimbi , wash thoroughly, then cut into pieces. Enter into a panic contains 3 cups of water, then boil the remaining 1 cup samapai. After a cold and then strain before drinking once after breakfast. Simply drink 1 cup a day. If you want more practical, take 3 pieces bilimbi large and green, and shredded, then filtered to take water and drink immediately. For prevention, drink 3 days with the same dose.
- 2. Cough.
- a. Take a handful of flowers Bilimbi , 5 grains of fennel fruit, then rinse thoroughly. Put it in to 1 cup of boiled water, add sugar cubes or 1 tablespoon of sugar and the team. Once cool, strain with a piece of clean cloth. Then drink 2 times a day in the morning and evening.
- b. Take a handful of Bilimbi leaves, a handful of flowers and 2 star fruit, sugar cubes. Enter the panic and boiled with 2 cups of water until the water is staying half, strain, drink 2 times a day in the morning and evening.c. Take the leaves, flowers, fruits, each as much boiled in 2 cups of boiling water to 1 cup, and drink the water.
- 3. Toothache
- a. For cavities: Take 5 pieces bilimbi or starfruit, wash. Then eat with a little salt. Chew fruit in the untreated cavities.
- b. For bleeding gums: Take 2 pieces bilimbi, wash. Then eat with a little salt. Intervenes on a daily basis.
- 4. Pimplea.
- Take 6-8 bilimbi grain or fruit Bilimbi , wash thoroughly, then mash until smooth. Mix with half a teaspoon of salt and ¼ cup water into the collisions starfruit. Then stir until blended. Apply a pimpled face 3 times a day.b. Take 3 bilimbi sump, wash. Then it could be shredded or crushed, lightly salt. Rub into the skin of acne.
- 5. Rheumatism or rheumatic aches
- Take 1 ounce of young leaves, then wash, mixed with 10 grains and 15 grains of pimento pepper and mash until smooth. Add vinegar to taste to form a dough and then smeared into a hospital. Apply 2 times a day until healed.
- 6. Diabetes
- Take 6 pieces bilimbi, wash. Squeeze-squeeze or mash, then boiled with 1 cup of water until the water tingga half, strain, and drink two times a day.
- 7. Gondongan
- Take 1/2 handheld starfruit leaves, washed, then crushed garlic with 3. Compress on the part of the mumps.8. PanuTake 10 pieces starfruit, wash and finely ground, add whiting for bijiasam, kneaded until smooth. Rub the skin of the infected phlegm. Apply 2 times a day.
In addition to the medicinal ingredient, starfruit is also used as a household cleaner.
a. Brass cleaners.
Take 20 seeds Bilimbi , pulverized. Mix with ½ red brick that has been finely ground. Take a cloth, then rub the mixture on the device earlier starfruit your brass with a duster.
b. Cleaners kitchen appliances.
Take some fruit Bilimbi , rub on the kitchen equipment is dirty or crusty, let stand for 15 minutes, then wash equipment.
c. Bathroom cleaner.
Mash some Bilimbi pieces that are old, then mix with water and pour on the wall and the bathroom floor. Let stand overnight, then brush and rinse with water.
Bilimbi or small sour starfruit can also be used as a cleaning polish, rub the Bilimbi fruit that is old, in a dirty or dull nails, the nails will be clean and shiny.Fruit bilimbi or belimbing wuluh is also often used as a cooking ingredient, such as vegetables, tamarind, tamarind fish or chicken, or brongkos/brengkes fish and others.
In Malaysia, very acidic bilimbis is used to clean the kris blade. In the Philippines, it is often used in rural places as an alternative stain remover. In Indonesia, its red flowers are sought as the ingredients of natural red dye for traditional textiles.
The tree and fruit are known by different names in different languages. They should not be confused with the carambola, which also share some of the same names despite being very different fruits. Balimbing in the Philippines actually refers to carambola and not to bilimbi.
|English||cucumber tree or tree sorrel|
|India||bilimbi,Irumban Puli,Chemmeen Puli,Bimbul, Orkkaapuli,bimblin|
|Sri Lanka||Bilincha, bimbiri,Biling(බිලිං)|
|Philippines||kamias, kalamias, iba, ibo|
|Malaysia||belimbing asam, belimbing buloh, b’ling, or billing-billing|
|Indonesia||belimbing wuluh or belimbing sayur|
|Thailand||taling pling, or kaling pring|
|El Salvador & Nicaragua||mimbro|
|Costa Rica||mimbro or tirigur|
|Suriname and Guyana||birambi|
|Brazil||limão-de-caiena, biri-birí, bilimbim, bilimbino, caramboleira-amarela, groselheira, azedinha or limão-japonês|
|Argentina||pepino de Indias|
|France||carambolier bilimbi or cornichon des Indes|
|Trinidad and Tobago||“Cornichon”|