Save the Symbol of Nias “Gracula robusta”


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I am not the person who active in ISCP (Indonesian Species Conservation Program), but I give 2 thumbs up for this activity. It’s the best way for my country to wake up and realize how beautiful Indonesia and how we save this country very well.  I am sad hearing some monkeys died because of extreme food, many birds and some animals can be found at the market so free to sell and buy.

I knew Mr. Rudianto Sembiring (Executive Director) around 1-2 years ago.  I heard ISCP from Mr. Rudi.  He is inspire me to write about ISCP Nias in my blog and he inspire me  to be Volunteer marketing.  Maybe it will help, even a little.  Activity like ISCP is very interesting for me.  Regarding I live far away from Nias, I try to help by online, inform this activity by phone or social media. I hope I can help more for the future.

Indonesia is lucky to have ISCP.  What is ISCP?? ISCP  is an independent, non-profit organization, national and international networking with goal to protection and rescue of a wide variety of wildlife species both protected or non protected, endangered or not or who have entered the list of crisis.  If you want to know more about ISCP please check http://iscp.or.id

Please check documentary film about it to know how important it is at:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kwJnT5nL5k

Let me talk about Nias first, the important place to know before we talk about ISCP and their activity.  Wikipedia said that Nīas (Indonesian: Pulau Nias, Nias language: Tanö Niha) is an island off the western coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. Nias (Kepulauan Nias) is also the name of the archipelago, including the small Hinako Islands.

Nias Island covers an area of 5,121.3 km2 (1,977.3 sq mi) (including minor offshore islands). It is mostly a lowland area rising to around 800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level. There were 756,338 inhabitants on the island (including minor offshore islands) at the 2010 Census. The latest estimate for January 2014 is 788,132.[1]

Geography:

It is located in a chain of islands parallel to the west coast of Sumatra; Simeulue is about 140 km (87 mi) northwest, and the Batu Islands (which are administered as part of Nias and have an ethnically similar population) are located about 80 km (50 mi) southeast. This chain, which resurfaces in Nusa Tenggara in the mountainous islands of Sumba and Timor, is the forearc of the South Sumatra Basin along the Sunda Trench subduction zone.

At Nias the oceanic plate is being obliquely subducted under the Asian Plate at the rapid rate of 52 mm (2.0 in) a year (Milsom).

Culture

The first ancestors of Nias were Austromelanesoid race from Hoabinth at 10,000 B.C. and then came more advance Austronesians from Taiwan which shifted the existence of the Austromelanesoids.[3]

Isolated yet worldly, the Nias Island chain has been trading since prehistory with other cultures, other islands, and even mainland Asia. Some historians and archaeologists have cited the local culture as one of the few remaining Megalithic cultures in existence today. While this point of view is hotly debated, there is no doubt that Nias’ relative geographic isolation has created a unique culture. As a culture of traders, the people of Nias find tourists to be a welcome – and historically familiar – phenomenon.[citation needed]

Nias is best known for its diversity of festivals and celebration. The most well-known events are War Dances, performed regularly for tourists, and Stone Jumping, a manhood ritual that sees young men leaping over two meter stone towers to their fate. In the past the top of the stone board is covered with spikes and sharp pointed bamboo. The music of Nias, performed mostly by women, is noted worldwide for its haunting beauty.

Gunungsitoli is home to Nias’s only museum, the Museum Pusaka Nias (Nias Heritage Foundation),[4] which houses over 6000 objects related to Nias’s cultural heritage. The museum had recently built a new building and had improved their storage and exhibitions when the 2004 earthquake and tsunami occurred. The museum suffered some damage to the grounds and collections, but museum staff are working to recover from this devastating event[5]

The predominant religion is Protestant Christianity. Six out of seven Niasans are Protestant; the remainder are about evenly divided between Muslim (mostly immigrants from elsewhere in Indonesia) and Catholic. However adherence to either Christian or Muslim religions is still largely symbolic; Nias continues into current day celebrating its own indigenous culture and traditions as the primary form of spiritual expression.

The people of Nias build omo sebua houses on massive ironwood pillars with towering roofs. Not only were they almost impregnable to attack in former tribal warfare, their flexible nail-less construction provide proven earthquake durability.

Nias is home not only to a unique human culture but also endemic fauna which differ from other areas of North Sumatra because of the island’s remote location separate from Sumatra.

 Surfing

Nias is an internationally famous surfing destination. The best known surfing area is Sorake Bay, close to the town of Teluk Dalam, on the southern tip. Enclosed by the beaches of Lagundri and Sorake, the bay has both left and right-hand breaks. As they wait for waves, surfers can often see sea turtles swimming below. There are also two consistent, world-class waves in the nearby Hinako Islands, Asu and Bawa. Many lesser-known, high-quality surf spots with low crowds await adventurous travelers.

Nias was part of the famous Hippie trail of the 1960s, particularly traveled by surfers, which led to Bali. It has been the site of several international surfing competitions in the past, particularly before the 1998 Indonesian Reformation Movement.

Despite the storied history of surfing in Nias, international surfing in Nias has slowed down especially (but not specifically) due to the recent earthquakes.[7][8] The situation is slowly changing, however.[9][10]

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 Tsunami and Earthquakes of 2004 and 2005

On December 26, 2004 the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake struck a few kilometers north of the island, creating tsunamis as high as 10 metres (33 ft). 122 people were killed and hundreds more rendered homeless.

On March 28, 2005, the island was again hit by the 2005 Sumatra earthquake, initially presumed to be an aftershock of the 2004 quake, but now regarded as the second most powerful earthquake ever recorded in Indonesia and among the top 10 most powerful recorded world wide since 1900.[11] At least 800 people were reported dead, with the possibility of more than 2,000 casualties. Hundreds of buildings were toppled and many thousands of people were made homeless. In 2007, almost two years after the earthquake, there were still tens of thousands of internally displaced persons living in camps throughout Nias.

Nias’s coastline has changed markedly with the tsunami and earthquake.[12] In some areas, the coast moved over 50 m (160 ft) inland. In other areas, as much as a further 100 m (330 ft) of land is exposed. Uplift of land as much as 2.9 m (9.5 ft) has been recorded.

Following the earthquake, many international aid agencies moved in to assist in rehabilitation and reconstruction efforts. Oxfam, International Aid, Giving Children Hope, Save the Children Fund, World Vision, Surf Aid, Safe Harbor International and Caritas International are some of the international NGOs represented in Nias. UN agencies represented include UNORC – Office of the UN Recovery Coordinator for Aceh and Nias, UNDP, UNICEF, UN-Habitat, WFP, IOM and UNIDO.

Program Abstract of ISCP

Nias Hill Myna (Gracula robusta) is nowadays recognized as one of the five distinct species of the genus Gracula (Linnaeus, 1758) (Feare and Craig 1998; del Hoyo 2009), but still often regarded as a subspecies of Common Hill Myna (Gracula religiosa). Nias Hill Myna is particularly distinctive large bird with considerably more extensive white wing patches extending to the secondaries. This species is known to be restricted to the hill forest of Nias and Banyak Island of western Sumatra (Feare and Craig 1998). Nias Hill Myna (Beo Nias) is famous for its qualities as a talking bird and besides the forest clearance, the trapping for the cagebirdtrade had a serious impact on the population (del Hoyo 2009). Nias Hill Myna have not been observed in the wild for more than 20 years (Dymond 1994). During a week lasting survey (September 2013) ISCP researchers found at least three individuals of Nias Hill Myna held in captivity. Because there are still no records from the wild, further conservation action has been discussed. To establish appropriate rehabilitation and quarantine center for confiscated G. robusta and education of local communities appear to be a major step how to prevent this species from extinction. Gracula sp. is listed as LC on the IUCN Redlist, but the population of G. robusta on Nias Island is increasingly rare. There is no exact data provided from the wild (Dymon 1994). The site is not under consideration for international protection, however it is important because of occurence of declining rare endemic species of G. robusta.

Background Programs

Nias Hill Myna is one subspecies myna having the largest size than other myna and popular in demand by fans because of their versatility in a myna imitating a variety of sounds,including human speech. Unfortunately, because of this demand and habitat lost is Nias Hill Myna increasingly rare. Our planed education program should improve awareness about the problematic and it should help to protect the focused species as well as broader ecosystem. This program is also a reaction on debate in EAZA TSAWG at Edinburgh 2013. It’s also reflection on new founds of Nias Hill Myna individuals alive in Indonesia

Overallgoal Programme

The goal of this program is to increase positive attitude of the local communities towards conservation of nature. We want to protect the focused species from extinction through rehabilitation of confiscated individuals. We want to educate local communities, reduce the trapping of the bird and reduce trading with G. robusta.

Program Objectives

Q1.Investigation of the distribution of the remaining population Nias Hill Myna in wild as well in captivity in the beginning of the program.

O2.Construction of quarantine and rehabilitation center with 12 cages.

O3.Assisting to BKSDA during confiscation to selected individuals of G. robusta from private owners or from bird market and transfer them from Nias Island to ISCP Rehabilitation and Quarantine center in Bandar Baru(North Sumatra).

O4. Awareness of local communities about conservation issues Nias Hill Myna and others wildlife in target region in Nias Island and generally at North Sumatra Province plus program for government institutions

Help Us

Indonesian Species Conservation Program (ISCP) is built on the generosity of donors from across the wider community both domestically and internationally and all donations both large or small donation you give will help us to ensure the future of wildlife species in their habitats

And if you want to help us to distribute your donation please donate us to account ISCP below:

Bank Name : BRI (Bank Rakyat Indonesia).

Account Name : Indonesia Species Conservation Program

Account Number : 0336-01-033226-50-5.

Bank Address : Kantor cabang Medan Pemuda/Jalan Iskandar Muda no 173 Medan.

Swift Code : BRINIDJA 336 Indonesia.

Please include your name for your donation and send to : info@iscp.or.id
As well we will send you a confirmation email when we have received the funds or your donations

 

T-Shirt

Buy this T-Shirt means we participate for “Saving the Symbol of Nias”

How Meaningful of  little thing

DSC_0098[1] DSC_0095[1]
References:

Director Executive ISCP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nias

http://iscp.or.id

Bibliography:

Dymond N (1994) A survey of the birds of Nias Island Sumatra. Kukila 7: 10-27.

Feare CH, Craig A (1998) Starlings and mynas. Princeton University Press, Princeton

Del Hoyo J, Elliott A, Christie D (2009) Handbook of the birds of the world: Bush-Shrikes to Old World Sparrows v. 14. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona

 

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