Unique Village “Penglipuran”, Bangli


Penglipuran Village – Bali is a very famous tourist attraction among tourists both local and foreign countries. However, many tourists who only know bali tourist attraction in the monotony of the beach and other natural attractions. Basically not only presents the tourist attractions of the beach or natural attractions that alone, but also cultural tourism and bali custom which is very thick and we should visit.  I was here with niece : Thursday, 27 April 2017, company her in her holiday 🙂

Penglipuran Village, indigenous village of Bali which is very thick with their harmony and togetherness. This village is located in village camp, bangli district, bangli-Bali district. This village has been awarded Kalpataru award.

Kalpataru Is Kalpataru is an award given to individuals or groups for their services in preserving the environment in Indonesia. Kalpataru itself is Sanskrit meaning tree of life (Kalpavriksha).# Wikipedia

Besides earning the Kalpataru award, Penglipuran Villagewas also designated as a tourist village by the bangli district government in 1995. Since then, the village has been increasingly visited by tourists who want to know how the wisdom that occurs in this penglipuran village.

According to the surrounding community, the word ‘penglipuran’ is taken from the word Pengeling Pura which has the meaning of a sacred place intended to commemorate the ancestors. Discussing the ancestors, it turns out that the people who live in this village are very high in mandate from their ancestors. Evident from the formation of village penglipuran very priority to this harmony. The most striking feature of this village is that the traditional architecture of the village has on average an exact same architecture from the village end to the other.

This uniqueness makes the village of penglipuran very beautiful with a very neat symmetry arranged between 1 house with other house. The gates in each house facing each other are only limited by the small main road in the middle. The gate is called Angkul-angkul (typical Balinese gate) which also has the same architecture as the angkul-angkul of every house in this village. The main road in the village of penglipuran leads to the main part of the village which is at the highest peak.

To enter the area of ​​Penglipuran Village, we are not allowed to use cars or motorcycles. The vehicle should be parked in a large parking area and not far from penglipuran village tourist area. To be able to enter this village, we just pay a Idr 15K  only and we can see how beautiful harmony that is intertwined between families in this village .

First we enter the area of ​​this village, you will be served a very cool and fresh atmosphere, it is because this area is 700 meters above sea level. In addition, the village is cool due to the absence of pollution caused by motor vehicles in the village of Penglipuran. The whole area of ​​the village is about 112 hectares, not too tired if you walk through this village on foot while enjoying the beauty around the Penglipuran Village.

Around the village entrance gate there is an area called catus pata which is an area consisting of village hall, community facilities, and green open spaces in the form of a beautiful park

In the vicinity of the village’s main road, we will not find scattered rubbish littering this place despite the many trees that grow around the road. Quite the contrary, the streets are very clean. So if we intend to dump garbage in this area, think a thousand times to do it. In addition in every corner of this village there will be a lot of garbage provided to accommodate garbage.

If we want to travel to this village, it’s good to  travel near the galungan holiday or after the galungan holiday. Galungan holiday is a big Hindu religious holiday in Bali which is commemorated every 210 days (should be check again?). When that day, we will see penjor (Hindu Means in the form of long bamboo trees with their ends adorned and plugged in front of the yard of the house) that adorn every house in this village. There will be bali girls dressed in Balinese customs who carry banten/ offering to the temple.

The physical arrangement of this village has been handed down from generation to generation by their ancestors, the community in Penglipuran village always holds the Balinese philosophy which is called ‘Tri Hitakarana’ philosophy. This philosophy teaches us to always harmonize the relationship between human and  neighbors, human with environment and human with God.#

Ogoh-Ogoh


It’s the 2nd Nyepi, since I lived in Bali.  The first Nyepi is 2016.  The first celebration was my curioucity about Silent Day.  Now, 2nd Nyepi, at 2017, I will try to do meditation, regarding no activity in Bali.  Airport closed and no activity either, since 6 am till the day after.   We will not see the light, veru dark Bali.  Luckily if we can laydown at rooftop, we can enjoy the stars.

Offering : 1 day before Nyepi

Purification

In Balinese philosophy, there is a balance of positive and negative energies. In other words, and perhaps surprisingly, good cannot triumph over evil and vice versa. However, the Balinese culture consists of many rituals and ceremonies that attempt to cleanse us of our negative energies. Just like most people want to take a shower and put on their best-pressed outfit before going out on the town, the Balinese will follow a similar process before the special New Year day of Nyepi. But there is a twist, the Balinese will “primp” themselves on the inside rather than primping themselves on the outside.

In Balinese philosophy there is a balance of positive and negative energies.

Continuing with the analogy, in order for us to be ready for that exciting night out on the town, our body and clothes should be clean, right? One would certainly hope so. Think of your banal laundry day as a the day your dirty clothes get purified (happy laundry day!). So, what is the equivalent to washing ourselves on the inside? Like most ancient traditions, the main tools for internal purification are: meditation and fasting. Hence, another name for Nyepi is the “Day of Introspection.”

We can look at the Balinese New Year purification process as a two-step process. First step (external cleansing) includes the Melasti ceremonies at the beaches and the boisterous, festive Ogoh-ogoh parade (like beating our clothes in the washer). Both are one-of-kind and viscerally amazing experiences not to be missed. Second step, an internal, very quiet, day of fasting and meditation (letting our clothes dry on a rack down in the basement with the lights off).

Ogoh-ogoh

A fascinating observation about the Ogoh-ogoh and Nyepi season is the controversy and contradiction that surrounds these unique events. Contrary to popular tourist belief, the tradition of Ogoh-ogoh is relatively new, with its origins in the 80s. Balinese often say that one of the motivations was to give the Balinese youth something constructive to do when preparing for the upcoming New Year. Ogoh-ogoh are statues up to five metres high, which represent the negative aspects or all living things. They generally take the form of a local demon (some look downright obscene). The Balinese Hindu authorities try their best to ensure the statues are representative of the true spirit of the event

Ogoh-ogoh statues can be viewed sprouting from the villages 3-4 weeks prior to Nyepi. During this time, you can see the Ogoh-ogoh in the final phases of construction.  Going around to the different Banjars (communities) to see all the creative designs and witness the dedication that goes into the statue construction will boost the overall experience.

One of the tenets of Balinese philosophy is honouring the relationship between the divine, people, and nature.

Silence

What does one do when you aren’t supposed to do anything? On Nyepi, not even a Hindu ceremony is allowed. This is one day a year where the people of Bali give back to Earth. All 2,000,000+ of Bali’s motorbikes take the day off. There are no fires. There are no planes. Electricity consumption is significantly reduced. Air pollution and noise pollution are next to nothing.

If you have never tried meditation, this is the perfect time to give it go.

Sit back (or cross-legged if you are a yogi) and enjoy a fleeting day of silence. This could be challenging if peace and quiet are not your cup of tea.

Despite all of the Nyepi Day restrictions, not everything is closed. If you are staying in a hotel, this is quite obvious. In fact, many, if not all, hotels and resorts in Bali offer Nyepi “packages” to lure guests. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing. But sometimes, the true spirit of Nyepi gets lost in translation between businesses’ bottom lines and cultural traditions. This is tough time if you are Balinese and work at a hotel, sacrificing an important day of purification is the price to be paid for keeping one foot in the modern world.

Logistics

Nyepi falls on Tuesday, 28 March 2017. Pengerupukan festivities is 1 day before Nyepi, start in the morning with blessing ceremonies. Ogoh-ogoh parades can begin anytime in the late afternoon, evening, or night time. Parade start times depend on local Banjar rulings. At the end of the parade route, the Ogoh-ogoh are usually placed on display in a football field for everyone to see. Depending on the rulings, the statues could be set on fire at this time.

If you are staying at a hotel, check with their activities team or concierge to find out local Melasti and Ogoh-ogoh parade timings and routes. Not every Banjar will have a parade (this varies from year to year). Be prepared for road blocks, traffic jams, and walking through crowded areas if you plan to be towards everywhere.

Stay put on Nyepi  Day. Only emergency vehicles are permitted on the roads. Anyone on the street must have proper papers to do so, which will be enforced by the Pecalang. Hotels and resorts will operate but are likely to be quieter than usual. Try a meditation class, fasting or a cleanse. If you miss the hustle and bustle or the sounds of motorbikes in the air, don’t worry, all of it will be there for you tomorrow.

Glossary

  • Banjar– Community level government organization.
  • Bhuta Kala– Symbolic Demon to be paraded and burned in effigy as an Ogoh-ogoh. Bhuta means eternal energy. Kala means eternal time.
  • Nyepi– Balinese New Year or the Day of Silence according to the Hindu Saka calendar. The root word, sepi, means quiet. The day of no fire, no light, no entertainment, no work, no travelling, and no ceremonies.
  • Ogoh-ogoh– Statue of monster-like character that symbolizes all types of negative energy from all living things. The demons represented by Ogoh-ogoh are awakened and flushed out on the day before Nyepi, Pengerupukan, so that they can be provided offerings to be appeased for another year. The statues are paraded through the Banjar in the afternoon or evening. Some parades can get quite rowdy so be mindful of belongings and out-of-control Ogoh-ogoh statues.
  • Pecalang– Local community security patrol.
  • Pengerupukan– The day before Nyepi. The day of the Ogoh-ogoh parades.#

 

Cangkuang Temple


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Cangkuang (Indonesian: Candi Cangkuang) is a small 8th-century Shivaist candi (Hindu temple) located in Kampung Pulo village, Cangkuang, Kecamatan Leles, Garut Regency, West Java, Indonesia.[1] [2] The temple is one among the few Hindu-Buddhist temples ever discovered in West Javan region, other temples includes Batujaya and Bojongmenje temple.

Three meters to the south from the temple there is an ancient Islamic tomb of Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad, believed to be the community elders of Cangkuang village during the Islamization of local Sundanese people in 17th-century.

Location

The town of Leles is located around 40 kilometers southeast from Bandung on the way to Garut town. The temple is located several kilometers east from Leles-Garut main road. The temple occupy a 16.5 hectares island called Kampung Pulo (“island village”) surrounded by a small lake (Sundanese: situ) called Situ Cangkuang. Near the temple there is a traditional Sundanese village. The temple, tomb, traditional village and the areas surrounding the island and lake, today is protected as cultural and archaeological sanctuary area. Originally the whole island was surrounded by this lake, however today only the northern parts were still flooded, the southern parts of the lake are reclaimed and turned into rice paddy. The temple’s name cangkuang, was derived from Sundanese native name for pandan tree (pandanus furcatus) found grown around the temple in Kampung Pulo island.

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Description

The temple was made from andesite stones, the temple’s base measures 4.5 x 4.5 meters and 8.5 meters tall. The temples faces east, on the east side there is a flight of stairs leading to the portal and a small main room (garbhagriha). Inside the main room there is a small 62 cm tall stone statue of Shiva. The statue is damaged, the hands are broken and the face is quite eroded. On the pedestal of the statue there is a carving of Nandi’s head. The temple is quite simple and unadorned with minimal ornaments. The roof is arranged in three receding steps adorned with pseudo-lingam pinnacles. The architectural style is similar to those of early Central Javanese Hindu temples. Judging from the stone decay degradation and the simple style of the temple, expert estimates that the temple is dated circa early 8th-century, around the same period of Dieng temples, and slightly older than temples of southern Central Java such as Prambanan.

Wikipedia#